Cross-readings along the axes of historical:
The cyborg is a condensed image of both imagination and material reality, the two joined centres structuring any possibility of historical transformation.
With the hard-won recognition of their social and historical constitution, gender, race, and class cannot provide the basis for belief in 'essential' unity.
For me - and for many who share a similar historical location in white, professional middle-class, female, radical, North American, mid-adult bodies - the sources of a crisis in political identity are legion.
Chela Sandoval (n.d., 1984), from a consideration of specific historical moments in the formation of the new political voice called women of colour, has theorized a hopeful model of political identity called 'oppositional consciousness', born of the skills for reading webs of power by those refused stable membership in the social categories of race, sex, or class.
'Women of color', a name contested at its origins by those whom it would incorporate, as well as a historical consciousness marking systematic breakdown of all the signs of Man in 'Western' traditions, constructs a kind of postmodernist identity out of otherness, difference, and specificity.
But there was also no 'she', no singularity, but a sea of differences among US women who have affirmed their historical identity as US women of colour.
The structure of my caricature looks like this: socialist feminism--structure of class // wage labour // alienation labour, by analogy reproduction, by extension sex, by addition race radical feminism - structure of gender // sexual appropriation // objectification sex, by analogy labour, by extension reproduction, by addition race In another context, the French theorist, Julia Kristeva, claimed women appeared as a historical group after the Second World War, along with groups like youth.
Her dates are doubtful; but we are now accustomed to remembering that as objects of knowledge and as historical actors, 'race' did not always exist, 'class' has a historical genesis, and 'homosexuals' are quite junior.
'Advanced capitalism' is inadequate to convey the structure of this historical moment.
Some differences are playful; some are poles of world historical systems of domination.
The boundary is permeable between tool and myth, instrument and concept, historical systems of social relations and historical anatomies of possible bodies, including objects of knowledge.
I used the odd circumlocution, 'the social relations of science and technology', to indicate that we are not dealing with a technological determinism, but with a historical system depending upon structured relations among people.
WOMEN IN THE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT Let me summarize the picture of women's historical locations in advanced industrial societies, as these positions have been restructured partly through the social relations of science and technology.
Clinic-hospital: Intensified machine-body relations; renegotiations of public metaphors which channel personal experience of the body, particularly in relation to reproduction, immune system functions, and 'stress' phenomena; intensification of reproductive politics in response to world historical implications of women's unrealized, potential control of their relation to reproduction; emergence of new, historically specific diseases; struggles over meanings and means of health in environments pervaded by high technology products and processes; continuing feminization of health work; intensified struggle over state responsibility for health; continued ideological role of popular health movements as a major form of American politics.
I am conscious of the odd perspecdve provided by my historical position - a PhD in biology for an Irish Catholic girl was made possible by Sputnik's impact on US national scienceeducation policy.
Earlier I suggested that 'women of colour' might be understood as a cyborg idendty, a potent subjecdvity synthesized from fusions of outsider identities and in the complex political -historical layerings of her 'biomythography', Zami (Lorde, 1982; King, 1987a, 1987b).
Gender might not be global identity after all, even if it has profound historical breadth and depth.
Feminist Principles of the Internet [EN] (2016)
Surveillance is the historical tool of patriarchy, used to control and restrict women’s bodies, speech and activism.
Also specific to A Cyborg Manifesto [EN] (1984):
women cyborg labour socialist cyborgs the Western colour reproduction science and unity historical organism fiction as theory homework experience domination feminist boundaries boundary high of innocence stories potent The tech politics relations radical language organic One Cyborg political woman s men myth race gender consciousness US her writing feminism